On the occasion of the Chernobyl Disaster anniversary on 26-4-2012,people in all countries in the world must take an oath to fight against both nuclear plants and weapons as they are intended to destroy the life and culture of mankind.
T. Shivaji Rao, Dia Nuke, April 26, 2012.
In a restructuring plan for embattled Tokyo Electric Power Co., the utility will raise household power rates by 10 percent from July and take a 1 trillion yen ($12.3 billion) injection from the government, which will effectively nationalize it.
Kaname Ohira, Asahi Japan Watch, April 25, 2012.
Even though we have all been told that the results of three meltdowns and one burning fuel storage tank at Fukushima are in cold shutdown, now the fuel storage pool at Reactor 4 pose new concerns.
Russia Today – YouTube, April 19, 2012.
The Kanmon connection lines sway gracefully over the water and serve as the only power transmission cables linking the main islands of Kyushu and Honshu.
Asahi Japan Watch, April 10, 2012.
It is unclear whether Japan will be hit by significant power shortages this summer if it has no access to nuclear power, despite a steady drumbeat of warnings about power cuts from government and power industry officials.
Asahi Japan Watch, April 7, 2012.
The Fukushima disaster put paid to the “safety myth” about nuclear reactor technology propagated by successive governments in Japan. Right now, 53 of the nation’s 54 nuclear reactors are shut down. Who can say if the plants are safe to operate?
The Asahi Shimbun sought answers from two experts to reflect the views of the pro- and anti-nuclear camps.
Asahi Japan Watch, April 6, 2012.
The government’s Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency (NISA) demanded the health ministry raise the allowable radiation exposure limit to 350 millisieverts effectively for emergency workers trying to bring the crippled Fukushima nuclear power station under control shortly after the ministry lifted the legal exposure limit to 250 millisieverts from 100 millisieverts on March 14, 2011, it has been learned (editor’s note: according the recommendations of the ICRP, the international exposure limit for nuclear workers is 20 millisieverts).
The Mainichi, April 5, 2012.
American and Japanese scientists say they have found elevated levels of radioactive cesium throughout a 150,000 square kilometer area of the Pacific Ocean off Japan. Scientists say some radioactive cesium levels in seawater are higher farther away than adjacent to Japan’s crippled Fukushima nuclear power plant.
Steve Herman, Voice of america, April 2, 2012.
It was the financing model and rates of return that prompted German nuclear giants RWC and E.ON to pull out of UK energy plans.
Martin Cohen, The Guardian, April 2, 2012.
The Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency (NISA) and the Nuclear Safety Commission of Japan (NSC) have no budget. The new nuclear regulatory agency that was supposed to begin operations on April 1 in NISA’s stead is now floundering amid resistance in the Diet from opposition parties. In other words, government agencies overseeing nuclear power now have an even more diminished presence.
The Mainichi, April 2, 2012.
March 11, 2011, was a transformational moment for the Japanese people. It not only shattered the public myth of absolute safety that had been nurtured by the Japanese nuclear-power industry and its proponents. It also destroyed Japan’s self-image as a “safe and secure nation” that grew out of the country’s pacifism since World War II.
Yoichi Funabashi, International Herald Tribune, March 11, 2012.
On the first anniversary of the Fukushima nuclear disaster, Enformable has compiled a list of top FOIA documents during the first week of the Fukushima event. What is perfectly clear in the various documents from March 11th through March 18th is that the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, along with several other departments and agencies of the U.S. government and the UN’s IAEA, were watching the situation very closely. US government was intimately involved in withholding accurate data from the public as well as minimizing what was being publicly reported.
Lucas W. Hixson, Enformable, March 11, 2012.
All but two of Japan’s 54 commercial reactors have gone offline since the nuclear disaster a year ago, after the earthquake and tsunami, and it is not clear when they can be restarted. With the last operating reactor scheduled to be idled as soon as next month, Japan — once one of the world’s leaders in atomic energy — will have at least temporarily shut down an industry that once generated a third of its electricity.
Martin Fleckler, The New York Times, March 8, 2012.
The March 11 tsunami that engulfed the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant was horrific enough. But in the hours that followed, it became apparent that Japan had a major nuclear disaster on its hands. When precisely was that?
Tatsuyuki Kobori, Jin Nishikawa and Naoya Kon, Asahi Japan Watch, March 8, 2012.
The summary of the Final Chapter of the RJIF Investigation on the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident. The English translation of the Report will be published in summer 2012.
Yoichi Funabashi and Kay Kitazawa, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists / SAGE, March 5, 2012 (pdf/html).
Enhancing political ability to solve problems is important as a means to protect ourselves from future disasters and indispensable when the government tackles other outstanding issues. Our second lesson is the inevitability of a fundamental review of Japan’s energy policy — including nuclear power. We were overconfident of the safety of nuclear power plants.
The Mainichi Daily News, March 3, 2012.
Almost a year after the Fukushima disaster, 52 of Japan’s 54 nuclear power plants have been shut down. The reactor explosion destroyed the population’s trust in nuclear energy. But the atomic lobby — and the country’s industrial needs — could block a possible phase-out.
Wieland Wagner, Spiegel International, March 1, 2012.
“The initial contamination due to the accident has declined substantially. That does not mean that there is no more, far from it. Today, for many years, we are in a state of chronic and durable contamination of the environment. There are risks of chronic exposure, to low doses certainly, but that can accumulate over time if we do not take care.”
Didier Champion, IRSN (source: Le Monde/AFP).
The first report by a private-sector committee investigating the accident at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant, which was announced earlier this week, has drawn wide international attention for its detailed research that digs out many facts about what had really happened at the plant.
The report was put together by the Independent Investigation Commission on the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Accident, a committee of the Rebuild Japan Initiative Foundation (RJIF), led by Yoichi Funabashi, a former editor in chief of The Asahi Shimbun.
In an interview on Feb. 29, Funabashi presented his view that the Japan-U.S. alliance was in a crisis situation in the first week after the Fukushima nuclear accident.
He also expressed understanding for the sense of fear that former Prime Minister Naoto Kan felt about the possibility Japan would have to come under the control of the United States and Russia if it was unable to handle the accident by itself (in the video the highlight of interview with Mr. Yoichi Funabashi).
Roy K. Akagawa, Asahi Japan Watch, February 29, 2012.
Life without neighbours, or Fukushima’s traditional livestock and fishing industries, would be a shadow of its former self.
The Guardian, February 28, 2012.
To learn from Fukushima, Greenpeace commissioned “Lessons from Fukushima.” This report, by three independent experts (a nuclear physicist, a correspondent for a health publication and a nuclear engineer), documents how the government, regulators and the nuclear industry enabled the Fukushima Daiichi disaster and then failed to protect the people from its impacts. Given that these failures are repeated wherever nuclear power is generated, means that millions who are in the shadow of reactors live with the risks of the next nuclear disaster.
Jan Beranek, Greenpeace, February 28, 2012.
Following the March 11th Fukushima disaster, the NRC was overwhelmed by a constant ringing of phones, and ever escalating number of unread inbox messages. By Sunday March 13th, Elliot Brenner, sent out an e-mail to upper level NRC counterparts clearly narrating the sequence of events. ”While we know more than what these (press releases) say, we’re sticking to this story for now.” writes Breener, during the weekend he labled “very hectic”.
Lucas W. Hixson, Enformable, February 19, 2012.
In the long process of rebuilding after the triple disasters, the country should focus on renewable energy.
Brendan Barrett, Al Jazeera, February 11, 2012.
Or so the saying goes, and Japan has been in crisis mode for much of the last year. That said, while radioactive contamination fears remain, and economic downturn is causing some pain, you could be forgiven for thinking that the impact of the March 11, 2011 triple-disaster on the country has been negligible. Life seemingly rolls on as normal.
Greg McNevin, Greenpeace, February 10, 2012.
Bills relating to a shift in the nation’s nuclear power policy were approved by the Cabinet on Jan. 31, that now is aiming to legislate the lifespan of nuclear reactors. In addition the government establish a new nuclear regulatory agency under the Environment Ministry, because the Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency (NISA) is under the umbrella of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI), a major promoter of nuclear power.
The Mainichi Daily News, Feb 1, 2012.
2011 was a watershed for nuclear power. The accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station will have a paradigm-changing impact on the global future of nuclear energy, though its scope and direction still remain to be seen. But 2011 also witnessed an incremental escalation of continuing crises in North Korea, Iran, and South Asia in the absence of effective global nuclear governance. Mark Hibbs reflects on 2011 and highlights what to look out for in 2012.
Mark Hibbs, The Bullettin of the Atomic Scietists, Jan 2012.
A new, exclusive opinion poll shows public support for replacing the UK’s ageing nuclear plants has recovered, although some citizens are far less convinced than others
Damian Carrington, The Guardian, Jan 18, 2012.
On 14 and 15 January 2012, in Yokohama, was held the Global Conference for a Nuclear Power Free World. 6000 people on the first day and 5500 on the second, including 100 international participants from over 30 countries, gathered at the conference, with a total of 11,500 participants. The conference was broadcast live over the internet, with an audience of approximately 100,000.
Global Conference for a Nuclear Power Free World, Jan 16, 2012.
Germany famously moved to phase out nuclear energy following the atomic disaster in Japan last spring. Now states in the country are skeptically eyeing plans in neighboring countries, including the Netherlands and Poland, to construct nuclear power plants.
Aaron Wiener, Spiegel International, Jan 13, 2012.
A dangerous lack of urgency in drawing lessons from Japan’s nuclear disaster
The Economist, January 5, 2012.
According to Greek mythology, it was Prometheus who gave fire to humans. The acquisition of fire allowed humankind to develop civilization. Fire derived from fossil fuels further spurred production capacity. In time, humans attained atomic fire, a feat that was also described as “superior energy.” Playing with fire, however, has presented humans with a dilemma.
Humans, who achieved a civilized world through Prometheus, are now troubled by atomic fire. “The Researcher’s Resignation” is the second series of “Prometeus Trap articles”, considers the question “Who owns information?”.
Takaaki Yorimitsu and Kentaro Uechi. Asahi Japan Watch, December 31, 2011.
Is the Japanese government and the IAEA protecting the nuclear industry and not the people of Japan by claiming that Fukushima is stable when it is not? Fairewinds’ chief engineer Arnie Gundersen outlines major inconsistencies and double-speak by the IAEA, Japanese Government, and TEPCO claiming that the Fukushima accident is over. Dynamic versus static equilibrium, escalated dose exposures to the Japanese children and nuclear workers, and the blending of radioactive materials with non-contaminated material and spreading this contaminated ash throughout Japan are only a small part of this ongoing nuclear tragedy.
Arnie Gundersen, Vimeo, December 29, 2011.
The explosion at a nuclear plant in Japan in March caused concern around the world. Germany shut down its reactors, but the energy debate heated up in Britain.
Leo Hickman, The Guardian, December 27, 2011.
Some complex systems cannot be made safe, regardless of human effort.
Charles Perrow, The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, December 1, 2011.
The abstract of an international study about the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident.
A. Stohl, P. Seibert, G. Wotawa, D. Arnold, J. F. Burkhart, S. Eckhardt, C. Tapia, A. Vargas, and T. J. Yasunari. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, October 20, 2011.
Analysis of Fukushima 3 photographs released by TEPCO substantiate Fairewinds’ claim that explosion of Unit 3 began over the spent fuel pool. Fairewinds believes that significant damage has also occurred to the containment system of Fukushima Unit 3, and that the two events (fuel pool explosion and containment breach) did not occur simultaneously.
Video also includes brief discussion of tent system being constructed over Fukushima Unit 1.
Arnie Gundersen, Fairewinds, October 19, 2011.
The civil protests in Japan. An interview with Yasunari Fujimoto, one of the organizers of the Sept. 19 protests.
Alex Martin, Japan Times, October 12, 2011.
The Fukushima nuclear accident is an important milestone in the history of civil nuclear power and in the debate on the risks of this technology. What were the consequences on citizens opinion in major European countries?
Laure Bonneval and Cécile Lacroix-Lanoë, Fondation Jean Jaures, Sept 27, 2011 (French article).
An overview on current status of the Fukushima crisis.
Sylvestre Huet, Liberation, September 26, 2011 (French article).
The Bulletin’s editor introduces the September/October issue of the journal, a special issue looking at Fukushima six months on.
Mindy Kay Bricker, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, September 19, 2011.
A sober analysis of what is needed to make the global nuclear power industry safe and secure reveals a mountain to climb.
Damian Carrington, The Guardian, September 16, 2011.
When it comes to nuclear power it usually takes a while for the truth to come out. And now six months after Japan’s catastrophic earthquake and tsunami, sparked off the current crisis at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, the truth is finally beginning to emerge.
Justin McKeating, Greenpeace, September 9, 2011.
Sometimes the discussions about the safety of nuclear reactors in the new post-Fukushima world have focused on technical questions, as though the reactors operate all by themselves. But that is to omit the human element.
Hugh Gusterson, The Bullettin of the Atomic Scientists, September 1, 2011.
After the Fukushima Daiichi accident, a number of articles attempting to explain a contradiction of modern Japan, trying to unravel how after the atomic bombings of 1945 the nation has become one of the major user of nuclear energy.
Yutaka Shiokura. Asahi Japan Watch, August 20, 2011.
What is it precisely that makes nuclear energy different from other energy sources? In this Roundtable, the Bulletin’s experts provide thoughtful analysis and insight as they explore this very question.
Charles Forsberg, Arjun Makhijani, Tony Pietrangelo. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, July 28, 2011.
Professor Tatsuhiko Kodama is the head of the Radioisotope Center at the University of Tokyo. On July 27, he appeared as a witness to give testimony to the Committee on Welfare and Labor in Japan’s Lower House in the Diet.
Tatsuhiko Kodama, YouTube, July 27, 2011 (in Japanese with English subtitles).
It’s been one of the mysteries of Japan’s ongoing nuclear disaster: How much of the damage did the March 11 earthquake inflict on Fukushima Daiichi’s reactors in the 40 minutes before the devastating tsunami arrived? The stakes are high: If the quake alone structurally compromised the plant and the safety of its nuclear fuel, then every other similar reactor in Japan is at risk.
Jake Adelstein and David McNeill, The Atlantic Wire, July 2, 2011.
The accident at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant has brought to light the cascading problem of spent nuclear fuel that threatens to overwhelm Japan’s nuclear power plants.
Jin Nishikawa and Nobuyoshi Nakamura, Asahi Shimbun, June 28, 2011.
Murakami Haruki’s speech (English translation) on June 10 in Barcelona, Spain, delivered in acceptance of the International Catalunya Prize, has contributed to the resetting of the anti-nuclear agenda in Japan. The Japanese original speech and translations in ten languages
Haruki Murakami, Senri No Michi, June 22, 2011.
Original estimates of xenon and krypton releases remain the same, but a TEPCO recalculation shows dramatic increases in the release of hot particles. This confirms the results of air filter monitoring by independent scientists. Fairewinds’ Arnie Gundersen explains how hot particles may react in mammals while escaping traditional detection. Reports of a metallic taste in the mouth, such as those now being reported in Japan and on the west coast, are a telltale sign of radiation exposure.
Arnie Gundersen, YouTube, June 12, 2011.
Leaving nuclear safety to Member States to deal with is no longer tenable. Joint surveillance would give credibility to proponents of nuclear energy and at the same time limit lobbying from the energy giants.
Marek Švehla, Respekt, June 9, 2011. English translation by PressEurope.
The transcript for Arnie Gundersen interview.
Chris Martenson, June 3, 2011.
After Three Mile Island and Chernobyl nuclear power industry was in decline. But with the urgency of climate change, the nuclear lobby was able to sell nuclear for a clean and renewable technology, suitable to cut CO2 emissions. Jeremy Rifkin disassemble this theory and explains why the renaissance of nuclear power is ephemeral and will not have long life.
YouTube, June 1, 2011. Subtitles in French.
In the Eighties, Anatoly Alexandrov told Mikhail Gorbachev that the Chernobyl power plant would be as safe as a samovar in the center of the Red Square.
Fabrice de Nola, Evolving Time, May 31, 2011.
After the oil crisis of the 1970s, Japan embraced atomic power with a vengeance. Since then, the ties between the government and the nuclear industry have become so intertwined that public safety is at threat. Inspections are too lax, and anyone who criticizes the status quo can find themselves out of a job.
Cordula Meyer, Der Spiegel International, May 27, 2011.
A radiation alarm went off at Tokyo Electric Power Co.’s Fukushima nuclear power plant before the tsunami hit on March 11, suggesting that contrary to earlier assumptions the reactors were damaged by the earthquake that spawned the wall of water.
Yuji Okada, Tsuyoshi Inajima and Shunichi Ozasa, Bloomberg, May 19, 2011.
A theory has emerged to explain the explosion at Fukushima Daiichi unit 4, despite no nuclear fuel being damaged there, based on an influx of hydrogen via pipework shared with unit 3.
World Nuclear News, May 17, 2011.
When building 3 of the Fukushima Daiichi plant exploded last month, those who saw the video footage were left to wonder why it was more severe than the other explosions. Adding to the mystery were reports that the containment and reactor in building 3 were still intact. Gundersen discusses several known facts about Fukushima 3 and theorizes on a possible scenario leading to the explosion.
Arnie Gundersen, YouTube, April 27, 2011.
The opinion of Oliver Reichenstein, Swiss Web designer, with a degree in philosophy, living in Tokyo.
Oliver Reichenstein, Information Architects, April 26, 2011.
Professor Christopher Busby: “I believe that the explosion of the No 3 reactor may have also involved criticality but this must await the release of data on measurements of the Xenon isotope ratios.”
YouTube, April 21, 2011.
Severe accidents at nuclear reactors have occurred much more frequently than what risk-assessment models predicted. Designers and risk modelers cannot envision all possible ways in which complex systems can fail.
M. V. Ramana, The Bullettin of the Atomic Scientists, April 19. 2011.
The catastrophe at Fukushima could lead to a reassessment of nuclear energy in Japan that leads the country to reject the perceived necessity of the US nuclear umbrella.
Peter Kuznick, The Bullettin of the Atomic Scientists, April 13, 2011.
According James Acton, associate in the Nuclear Policy Program, “Fukushima is the most complicated and dramatic nuclear accident ever.”
Scott Di Savino, Reuters, April 8, 2011.
The world will soon be divided into those seeking a green high-tech future, such as Germany – and those who are trying to make nuclear energy safer. A sign of progress on the evolutionary road to a less risky society.
Matthias Horx, Die Welt, March 30, 2011. English translation by PressEurope.
Despite victories like the creation of the Atomic Energy Commission, and later the Nuclear Regular Commission, the secrecy that began with the Manhattan Project has tended to permeate the civilian nuclear program, as well as the military and defense programs.
Kennette Benedict, The Bullettin of the Atomic Scientists, March 26, 2011.
Less than two weeks ago, the world’s community was united in grief following the devastation caused by the earthquake and tsunami in Japan, and the country’s escalating nuclear crisis. But in the past seven days, a national and global tragedy has been overshadowed by attempts by the nuclear industry to turn a crisis into a pro-nuclear crusade.
Greenpeace, March 24, 2011.
In this video, the engineer Arnie Gurdensen, notes that – although it’s not easy to compare Fukushima with Chernobyl – according the data from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) the amount of radiation spread within 40 km from the two plants is at comparable levels. The damaged reactors at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant still continue to emit radioactive substances, making the near surroundings of the plant uninhabitable for a long time.
Arnie Gurdensen, Fairewinds – Vimeo, March 23, 2011.
The mass media in the deluge of Fukushima information. The analysis of the nuclear energy blogger Dan Yurman.
Dan Yurman, The Energy Collective, March 23, 2011.
Confidential data held by nuclear test ban organization emerging as key to monitoring Fukushima radiation.
Declan Butler, Nature, March 17, 2011.
As Japan attempts to cool overheating nuclear fuel with seawater, experts worry that the damaged spent-fuel pools pose the greatest threat.
Katherine Harmon, Scientific American, March 17, 2011.
Can humans change their behavior, thereby improving their chances of survival, not just through natural selection, but also through cultural learning? What lessons will we learn from the nuclear accident at Fukushima, an accident thought to be impossible just two weeks ago?
Hugh Gusterson, The Bullettin of the Atomic Scientists, March 16, 2011.
Declan Butler, Nature, March 14, 2011.
Japan warns that one of its nuclear plants may be in meltdown after a record quake and tsunami wiped out a swathe of the northeast, leaving more than 1,000 people feared dead. Peter Hayes, the executive director of the Nautilus Institute for Security and Sustainable development in Melbourne, describes the situation as “dire” and explains how a “massive nuclear crisis” could unfold.
Al Jazeera, YouTube, March 11, 2011.
Some points on why nuclear energy isn’t the solution to our energy needs. This article was posted at Solar Home Review, a few days before the disaster in Japan.
Solarfly, Fukushima Updates, March 9, 2011.
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